The Republic of Macedonia is a sovereign, independent, democratic and social state. The opening sentence of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia adopted on November 17th 1991 specifically defines the character of the state, from which the governmental system derives. Namely, the state is a parliamentary republic headed by a President. The President represents the Republic of Macedonia both at home and abroad. He is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Macedonia and a President of the Security Council.
The National Flag of the Republic of Macedonia
The flag of the Republic of Macedonia depicts a yellow sun on a red field, with eight broadening rays extending from the center to the edges of the field. The yellow and the red color are typical colors of the Macedonian state. The flag was adopted on October 5th 1995. The eight-rayed sun represents "the new sun of Liberty" referred to in the national anthem of the Republic of Macedonia.
The major part of the population, i.e. 65% of the population in Macedonia belongs to the Orthodox Christian religion. In terms of representation, the population of Muslim religion holds the second place, i.e. approximately 33%. The other 2% are Catholics, Protestants, Atheists and members of other religions.
The Republic of Macedonia obtained its currency in the year 1992, soon after the separation from Yugoslavia, when coupons were introduced as transitional money. In 1993, the new denar was issued in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 denars. In 1996, 1000 and 5000 denars, in 2016, 200 and 2000 denars and in 2017, 10 and 50 denars, printed as polymer banknotes, and are showing into circulation from May 15, 2018..