The park was established in 1949 with a special bill, calling for the "protection of the exceptional natural beauty and the scientifically and historically important forest around Mavrovo valley". This law adopted by the National Assembly of Macedonia was significantly revised in 1952 enforcing a much stricter conservation regime. The park was divided into three zones with different levels of protection. Today Mavrovo National Park is among the region's largest reserves if this kind.
Within the National park Mavrovo are over 52 mountain peaks with an altitude over 2,000 of which are known Medenica top of Mount Bistra Velivar, Sandaktash etc.
Special importance to the national park Mavrovo is Golem Korab - Big Korab (2,764 m.), which is also the highest mountain peak in Macedonia and thus the highest point of the park. The lowest point of Mavrovo National Park is at 600 m and located the spot where Little River flows into the river Radika.
Mavrovo’s impressive forests contain more than 100 rare species of trees and its hilltops are rich in wild teas and herbs that can be easily gathered by hand. Lake Mavrovo which is located just beneath the ski center makes the National Park of Mavrovo a very popular weekend resort all year round.
The waters in National Park Mavrovo
The National Park Mavrovo encompasses numerous rivers, which present a real jewel in the crown of beauty for the mountain landscape, with their wild rapids, water-falls and incredible transparency: always full with clear and cold water, the springs never get muddy. One of the most impressive parts of the park are the striking gorges of the river Radika. The most dramatic is the Baric gorge. The horizon in front of the observer completely closes leaving open only the blue sky and the steep ascending rocks, in some places 1,500 m high. The valley of the river Radika is almost completely covered with woods, except for its lower part. The river is rich with river trout, which makes it attractive for the sports fishermen. At the height of 2,300 m the river Ribnica emerges, a real alpine river, with light-green, clear and shiny water. The river valley is covered with woods and usually fresh in temperature, with tame, pleasant and beautiful landscapes.
On the mountain slopes at a very great height, there are 17 glacial lakes, as a further ornament of the mountain landscapes. The biggest lake within the national park is the artificial Mavrovo Lake, which with its clear water, surrounded with forest, is one of the special attractions in this part of Macedonia.
Flora and fauna in National Park Mavrovo
The National Park Mavrovo is characteristic for its extremely rich flora and fauna. Besides the presence of several floral elements from different climatic regions, the most important feature of the floral-geographical position of the park is the presence of several endemic and relic forms. Of special interest is the presence of the elements from the original tropical vegetation: the tertiary and glacial relics.
Mavrovo is rich with wild animals such as : Brown bear, lynx, wild boar, red deer, roe deer, stone mar.ten, western polecat, red fox, wolf, edible dormouse, common dormouse, red squirrel.